How to differentiate between a Kamfa & ZZ
Note: Flower Lo-Han = Kamfa & Pearl Lo-Han = ZZ (written by sonny)
The forehead/kok of the Kamfa rises higher than the ZZ.
On the side of the forehead/kok, the ZZ has more conspicuous/easily seen black mark/flowers than the Kamfa.
The lips of the Kamfa is smooth and circular whereas the lower lips of the ZZ is sticking/protruding out and the upper lips is shorter.
The eyes of the ZZ are usually outstanding/bulge out. The eyes of the Kamfa are hollow/sunken.
The dorsal fin and anal fin of the Kamfa would wrap around the caudal fin and they would look like one whole fin. The dorsal fin and anal fin of a ZZ would usually go upward and downward. The caudal fin of the ZZ is usually smaller also.
The bigger & older ZZ, it would have a droopy caudal tail. This condition would not occur to the Kamfa strain.
Determine of Tank size & water volume: (written by sonny)
a) Tank size: 24"L x 12"W x 18"H = 5,184 divide (231) = 22.5 gallons x 80% (water in the tank) = 18 gallons.
b) Tank size: 36"L x 18"W x 18"H = 11,664 divide (231) = 50 gallons x 80% (water in the tank) = 40 gallons.
2. Ideal size (Total Length) FH in a tank:
= 3.5 gallons of water : per inch (Total length) of FH.
E.g. A 18 gallons tanks could host a FH (Total length) to:
18 divide by 3.5 = 5" Max.
A 40 gallons divide 3.5 = 11.5" FH (Total length). Therefore, a 40 g tank is sufficient to host an adult FH.
A Dozen Do's and Don'ts
1. Don't leave Uneaten Food in your fish's home. Get your net and remove uneaten food after 5-10 minutes.
2. Don't Crowd Your Fish's Home. Your fish's home has a maximum amount of fish that it can sustain. There is a maximum bio-load that any system can handle. Bio-load is a fancy term for fish waste.
One inch of fish per gallon of water, is a good rule of thumb for beginners. If you are new to keeping fish, be conservative. When you feel like buying a new fish, first check your fish and your water quality.
3. Don't do too Much. Don't tear your fish's home completely apart. No big yearly cleaning of your fish's home is needed. Change some water twice a week. Once a month clean your fish's home. Don't change more than 20% of the water on one day unless you have catastrophe.
4. Don't Depend on Scavengers to keep your aquarium clean. Scavenger Fish and Ghost Shrimp will eat bits of food that sink to the bottom of your aquarium, and this will help improve the water quality. But scavengers will not clean a dirty aquarium.
5. Don't get an Aquarium and Fish at the Same Time. Get the new aquarium and equipment, take it home, read the instructions, set it all up, and let it run for three days or longer. Then get a few good starter fish.
6. Don't Have More than 1/4 Inch of Gravel. A Fish Bowl needs a layer of cultured gravel 1/4 of an inch thick, but an aquarium with an exterior power filter with a BIO-Wheel doesn't need any gravel. If you put gravel in your aquarium, keep it less than 1/4 of an inch thick, and stir it for a few seconds every day with your net to be sure the particles get swept up into your filter.
7. Don't get Impatient and Do too Much to Fast. Don't add too many new fish at one time. Get a few new fish. Watch them, see how they adjust to their new home, and enjoy them! Don't change too much water at one time. If your aquarium is dirty, do a small cleaning each day. Change 20% of the water each day, until your aquarium is clean and the water is clear.
8. Don't Contaminate Your Fish's Home. Be sure that everything that goes into your fish's water is not contaminated with soap, bleach, pesticides, or other chemicals. If you add ornaments such as rocks, gravel, or plastic plants, be sure they will not contaminate your fish's water.
Some rocks and gravel contain toxic minerals. Some plastic plants are not intended for use in water and may contaminate your fish's water. You'll avoid problems, if you'll shop in pet departments and buy items specifically labeled as being safe to use with pet fish.
Did you know that word KOK means HORN?
Thus according to the "To Shue ChaapShing" the Kok in Kwai Kok Shaan referred to the two peaks of the hill that look like a pair of horns.
Source: The Hong Kong Naturalist.
Did you know that SALT can be measured in "specific gravity", which measures the density of water baed on the amount of mineral salts it contains? Freshwater has a specific gravity of 1, whilst seawater is normally around 1.022-1.024.
Did you know that there seven ions (Sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, chloride, sulfate, and bicarbonate) contribute most of the salinity to water?
As we knew that the lower Ph the higher acid, we have, the higher Ph the more alkaline we have. But, did you know that Ph has a logarithmic function? A change of 1Ph is 10 times more alkaline we have? (change from 7-8Ph 10x more, 9ph is 100x more than neutral w/c 7ph)
Did you know that the most effective but potential yet dangerous treatment for parasites is Potassium permanganate?
Did you know that Flowerhorn can tolerate a temperatures to the lowest of 20-C?
FISH TALK written by Evil One
- Somersaults, figure 8s, etc. are signs of stimuli from the bringer of food, mate in the tank, change from previous dull/static state to turning your tank lights on greeting your fish, fresh waterchange, new decor, added more swimming room, etc. (Lucky).
- Your fish will beg for food using all antics (wagging tail, hitting cover, splashing water, etc.). Ignore and do not reward with food any unwanted behaviors, or stand-by for more of it (Evil One).
- A perceived interest item (or something that worries fish) will be stared at and then fish will look at you and go back to item; just like a dog points stuff to you (Evil One).
- Fish goes near his bowl, does a head stand, flips backwards and swims away in reverse indicates desire to have a female to mate (Wildimage/Sonny).
- Gravel digging and moving rocks indicates they are decorating their living space or making room for breeding nest (NiceFishHomie).
- Aggressive gravel or item biting and spitting could indicate FH is angry about something and/or throwing a tantrum (Wildimage).
- Fish with dropped (exposed) vent tube and is constantly rubbing the ground or surrounds is a sign of breeding (Paintsn).